Car parking is an issue that everyone will have an opinion on, whether it relates to the issues of available spaces, the price, parking fines, or quality of parking services. Parking management refers to the several policies and programs that governs and manage parking which results in more efficient use of parking resources. It investigates problems with current parking planning practices, discusses the costs of parking facilities and the savings that can result from improved management, describes specific parking management strategies and how they can be implemented.
Parking managements combine several solutions for parking guidance, and advanced information systems helping to manage carpark entry, exit security and occupation. Parking conflicts are among the most common problems faced by designers, operators, planners and other officials. Such problems can be often defined either in terms of supply or in terms of management.
Parking facilities are an essential component of a transportation system. There are various types of parking facilities:
On-Street (or Curb): Designated parking spaces located within a road right-of-way, usually in the curb lane.
Surface Parking: A parking lot directly on the ground (either paved or unpaved).
Structured or Underground: Any multi-storey parking structure (often called a parking garage, parkade or ramp), including parking facilities within or under a building.
Commercial Parking: A for-profit parking lot available to motorists and serves multiple destinations, where motorists are charged directly for use, including on-street metered parking, and off-street car parks where motorists pay by the hour, day, week, month or year.
Parking Management Strategies
Parking Management includes a variety of strategies that encourage more efficient use of existing parking facilities, improve the quality of service provided to parking facility users and improve parking facility design. Certain car park management Singapore uses specific parking management strategies that are summarised below:
Sharing parking spaces typically allows 20-40% more users compared with assigning each space to an individual motorist, since some potential users are usually away at any particular time. Public parking facilities, including on-street parking spaces, can usually be shared efficiently among many destinations. The appropriate number of motorists that can be assigned to a particular number of parking spaces depends on several factors. In general, the more diverse the users and the larger the facility, the more parking spaces can be shared.
Parking regulations control who, when and how long vehicles may park at a particular location, in order to prioritize parking facility use. This often involves making the most convenient parking spaces available to certain higher-value uses.
Priced parking means that motorists pay directly for using parking facilities. Priced parking may be implemented as a parking management strategy, as a mobility management strategy (to reduce vehicle traffic in an area), to recover parking facility costs, to generate revenue for other purposes (such as a local transportation program), or for a combination of these objectives.
Control Parking Passes
Parking passes sold or allocated to employees, officials or visitors should have clear limitations regarding where, when and by whom they may be used, and these limitations should be enforced.
Current parking planning practices are inefficient, resulting in economically excessive parking supply, increased automobile traffic, and more dispersed destinations, contributing to problems. There are many reasons to use management strategies that result in more efficient use of parking resources, in order to address parking problems without expanding supply. The car park operators Singapore uses this system to manage their car parks.